Allahabad High Court Judgement

Allahabad High Court Judgement

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JUDGEMENT HEADLINE : JSCC Rejected The Objection Of Third Party In Execution - First Appeal Not Maintainable.
JUDGEMENT TITLE : Wahid Vs. Mohd. Anwar On 09/04/2009 By Allahabad High Court
CASE NO : FIRST APPEAL NO. 198 OF 2008
CORAM : Hon'ble Yatindra Singh,J

HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT ALLAHABAD

AFR
Reserved
First Appeal No. 198 Of 2008
Wahid ... ... ... Appellant
Versus
Mohd. Anwar And Others ... Respondents

Hon'ble Yatindra Singh, J
1. The Only Question Involved In This Appeal At This Stage Is,
Whether An Appeal Or A Revision Is Maintainable Against The Order Passed In Execution Of Ejectment Decree Passed By The Court Of Small Causes On The Objection Filed By A Third Party.
It Arises On The Following Facts.

THE FACTS
2. The Pedigree Of Wahid (the Appellant), Without The Unnecessary Names, Is As Follows:
Chunni
/
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/ / /
Ahmed Rahim Bux Mst. Sakko
/
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/ / /
Mohd. Umar Nabi Bux Other Heirs
/
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/ / /
Bulle Rasoole Other Heirs
/ (the Judgment Debtor)
Wahid
(the Appellant)

3. Nabi Bux And Other Heirs Of Rahim Bux Filed OS No. 118 Of 1983 For Declaration That They Alongwith Mohd. Umar (who Was Also Arrayed As Defendant In This Suit) Were Owners Of The Property In Dispute. In This Suit The Other Defendants Were, Ahmed Son Of Chunni, Sita Ram, Ram Jiwan Lal Mishra, And Mohd. Anwar. This Suit Was Dismissed For Non-prosecution On 12.2.1999. No Proceeding For Recalling This Order Or Any Further Proceeding Were Taken In This Suit.

4. Mohd. Anwar, (the Defendant In OS 118 Of 1983) (the Plaintiff-respondent) Filed JSCC Suit No. 6 Of 2000 Against Rasoole Son Of Mohd (the Judgment Debtor) With The Following Allegations:
(i) The Plaintiff Is The Owner And Land Lord Of The Property In Dispute On The Basis Of The Sale-deed Dated 26.11.1980 Executed By Ram Jiwan Lal Misra (one Of The Defendants In OS No. 118 Of 1983);
(ii) Ahmad Son Of Chunni (one Of The Defendants In OS No. 118 Of 1983) Was Tenant And He Has Illegally Sub-let The Premisses To Rasoole.
On These Allegations, He Claimed Decree For Ejectment.

5. JSCC Suit No. 6 Of 2000 Was Decreed Exparte On 30.4.2001. The Plaintiff-respondent Filed An Application To Execute The Decree. It Was Numbered As Execution Case No. 13 Of 2001. In This Execution Nabi Bux (one Of The Plaintiff In OS No. 118 Of 1983) Filed Objection In 2003. During Pendency Of This Objection, Nabi Bux Also Filed OS No. 406 Of 2003 For Declaration That He Is Owner Of The Property In Dispute. This Suit Is Still Pending.

6. The Executing Court Dismissed The Objection Filed By Nabi Bux On 19.10.2004. Nabi Bux Filed WP No. 49116 Of 2004 Before This Court. It Was Dismissed On 24.5.2006. Against This Order, He Filed SLP No. 14477 Of 2006 Before The Supreme Court. It Was Also Dismissed On 24.9.2007.

7. The Execution Case Of The Plaintiff-respondent Was Numbered As Execution Case No. 13 Of 2001. Wahid (the Appellant) Was Not Party In JSCC Suit No. 6 Of 2000 But He Is Grand Son Of Mohd. Umar. It Is Relevant To Point Out That Mohd. Umar Was The Defendant In OS No. 118 Of 1983, However, Relief Was Also Claimed In His Favour In The Suit. He Filed Objection In The Execution Case Claiming Himself To Be Owner Of The Property In Dispute. It Was Numbered As Misc. Case No. 27 Of 2006. The Execution Case As Well As Misc. Case On The Objection Of The Appellant Were Transferred To The Present Court By The District Judge On 17.12.2007. The Objection Filed By The Appellant Was Rejected On 11.1.2008, Hence The Present Appeal.

THE POINTS FOR DETERMINATION
8. I Have Heard Sri Manoj Misra For The Appellant And Sri AN Bhargava For The Plaintiff-respondent. In Order To Answer The Question Involved In This Appeal (mentioned In Paragraph 1 Of The Judgement), It Is Necessary To Resolve The Following Points:
(i) Whether The Decree For Ejectment Can Be Executed By The Court Of Small Causes.
(ii) Whether The Impugned Order Has Been Passed By The Court Of Small Causes Or The Regular Court.
(iii) Whether Order 21 Rule 103 Or Any Other Provision Of The Civil Procedure Code (CPC) Provides For An Appeal Against The Impugned Order.

FIRST POINT: EJECTMENT CAN BE EXECUTED
9. Section 9 Of The CPC Declares That The Courts Have Jurisdiction To Try All Suits Of Civil Nature Except The Suits That Are Either Expressly Or Impliedly Barred. The Provincial Small Cause Courts Act, 1887 (the PSCC Act) Is One Such Act That Provides Special Procedure For Certain Suits. Section 15 Of The PSCC Act Provides That The Court Of Small Causes Has Jurisdiction To Try All Cases Of Civil Nature (except Those Mentioned In The Second Schedule) Of The Value Which Does Not Exceed Rs. 500/- . Section 17 Of The PSCC Act Provides For The Procedure To Be Adopted By The Court Of Small Causes: The CPC Is Applicable Unless Excluded By The CPC Or The PSCC Act.

10. Second Schedule Describes The Suits That Cannot Be Tried By The Court Of Small Causes. Article 4 And Article 11 Provided That The Suit For Possession For Immoveable Property Or For Recovery Of An Interest Or For Determination Or Enforcement Of Any Other Right To Or Interest In The Immoveable Property Can Not Be Tried By The Court Of Small Causes. However, In Our State Article 4 Was Amended By UP Act No. 37 Of 1972. Now The Court Of Small Causes Can Try Suit Of Any Value By A Lessor For The Eviction Of A Lessee From A Building After Determination Of Lease And For The Recovery Of Compensation For The Use And Occupation Of That Building After Such Determination. Prior To This Amendment, Such Suits Were Tried On The Regular Side.

11. Section 7 And Order 50 Of The CPC Exclude The Applicability Of Some Provisions Of The CPC In Proceeding Before The Court Of Small Causes. Amongst The Others, It Excludes The Provisions Of The CPC Regarding Execution Of A Decree Against Immoveable Property. Now After 1972, A Decree For Ejectment Of A Lessee After Determination Of Lease Can Be Passed By The JSCC. A Question Arose,
Whether, In View Of Prohibition Under Section 7 And Order 50 Of The CPC, A Decree For Ejectment From The Building Can Be Executed By The JSCC Or It Has To Be Sent To The Regular Court For Execution.

12. Initially, In View Of Section 7 And Order 50 Of The CPC, The Court Had Held That:
(i) The JSCC Has No Jurisdiction To Execute A Decree Of Ejectment; And
(ii) The Decree Has To Be Sent To Regular Court For Execution.
However Our Court In A Full Bench Decision Reported In Shakti Dhar Vs. DD Upadhyay (1986 ALR 65) Has Held That The Court Of Small Causes Has Power To Execute The Decree For Ejectment.

SECOND POINT: IMPUGNED ORDER― BY THE JSCC
13. The Plaintiff-respondent Has Filed Execution Case In The Court That Had Passed The Decree Namely The Court Of Small Causes. It Is Numbered As Execution Case No. 13 Of 2001. In These Proceedings, The Appellant Has Filed His Objection Under Order 21 Rule 97. It Was Numbered As Misc. Case No. 27 Of 2006. The Appellant Had Filed His Objection Before He Was Dispossessed From The Property In Dispute. However, This Is Permissible In View Of The Supreme Court Decisions Reported In Babulal Vs. Raj Kumar: AIR 1996 SC 2050 And Tanzeem-e-Sufia V. Bibi Haliman: AIR 2002 SC 3083.

14. The Execution Case As Well As The Misc. Case Registered On The Objection Of The Appellant Were Transferred By The District Judge On 17.12.2007 To The Present Court That Has Rejected The Objection. The Decree Is By Court Of Small Causes That Is Being Executed. The District Judge Has Transferred The Proceeding From The Court Of Small Causes. There Is Nothing To Indicate That The Proceeding Have Been Transferred To The Regular Side. The Impugned Order Will Be Deemed To Be The Order Of The Court Of Small Causes And Not Of The Regular Court. This Is Also The Intention Of Section 24 Of The CPC As Well As Full Bench Decision Of Our Court Reported In Bhagwati Vs. Badri: AIR1931 Allahabad 574.

THIRD POINT: NO APPEAL
15. The Appellant Had Filed His Objection Under Order 21 Rule 97. In This Objection He Claimed Himself To Be The Owner Of The Property In Dispute. The Counsel For The Appellant Submitted That:
(i) All Questions Arising Between The Parties Are To Be Decided In This Proceedings Under Order 21 Rule 101 And Not By A Separate Suit.
(ii) The Question Of Title Can Not Be Decided By The Court Of Small Causes;
(iii) The Order Has The Same Force And Subject To Same Condition As It Were A Decree;
(iv) As An Appeal Lies Against The Decree Under The CPC , The Present Appeal Is Maintainable.

16. Order 21 Rule 101 Clearly States That All Questions Arising Between The Parties To A Proceeding Under Order 21 Rule 97 Or Rule 98 Or Their Representatives Shall Be Determined By The Court Dealing With The Proceeding And Not By A Suit. It Further Declares That The Court Shall Be Deemed To Have Jurisdiction To Decide Such Question. It Can Not Be Said That The Court Of Small Causes Can Not Decide The Question Of Title In Case It So Arises In These Proceedings. The Question, Even Of Title, Can Be Gone Into In These Proceedings.

17. The Effect Of Order 21 Rule 103 Is That Such An Order Is To Be Treated As A Decree. It Does Not Provide For Any Appeal Against The Order. In Case An Appeal Lies Against Such A Decree Only Then Appeal Can Be Filed. Needless To Say Appeal Is Creature Of A Statute. It Can Only Be Filed Only If There Is Provision For The Same.

18. Section 17 Of The PSCC Act Provides That The CPC Applies To The Court Of Small Causes Subject To The Exclusion Made By It Or By The CPC. First Appeal And Second Appeal Against A Decree Are Provider Under Section 96 And Under Section 100 Of The CPC. Application Of These Sections To The Court Of Small Causes Have Been Excluded By Section 7 Of The CPC And As Such No Appeal Can Be Filed Under These Sections.

19. Section 25 Of The PSCC Act Provides For Further Proceeding Against A Decree And The Orders Passed By The Court Of Small Causes. It Provides For A Revision Against The Same. While Discussing The 2nd Point, I Have Already Held That The Impugned Order Is The Order Passed By The Court Of Small Causes: This Order Is To Be Treated As A Decree By The Court Of Small Causes. If This Is So, Then Appeal Can Not Be Filed Under Section 96 Read With Order 21 Rule 103 Of CPC. Only A Revision Can Be Filed Under Section 25 Of The PSCC Act Read With Order 21 Rule 103 Of The CPC.

20. The Counsel For The Appellant Has Brought To My Notice Smt. Sabira Begum Vs. District Judge Rampur: 1993 (1) ARC 371 (the Sabira Begum Case) To Support His Submission That An Appeal Lies.

21. In The Sabira Begum Case, The Suit Was Filed On The Regular Side. It Was Numbered As OS 475 Of 1970. It Was Decreed. This Was Done At A Time When The PSCC Act Was Not Amended And Jurisdiction To Try The Suit For Eviction Of A Lessee Was With The Regular Courts. It Is For This Reason It Was Held That The Such Order Is Appellable And Not Revisable. This Case Is Distinguishable.

CONCLUSIONS
22. My Conclusions Are As Follows:
(a) After Amendment In The Provincial Small Causes Court Act, Not Only A Decree For Ejectment Can Be Passed By The Court Of Small Causes But Such A Decree Can Be Executed By It.
(b) In The Present Case, The Impugned Order Has Been Passed By The Court Of Small Causes.
(c) A Revision, Under Section 25 Of The Provincial Small Causes Court Act Read With Order 21 Rule 103 Of The CPC, Rather Than Appeal Under Section 96 Read With Order 21 Rule 103 Of The CPC Is Maintainable.
In View Of My Conclusions, The Appeal Is Not Maintainable And Is Dismissed.

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