Allahabad High Court Judgement

Allahabad High Court Judgement

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JUDGEMENT HEADLINE : Teacher Not Possessing Qualification On Date Of Occurence Of Vacancy-not Eligible For Promotion.
JUDGEMENT TITLE : Iqramul Haq Vs. Mohd. Sabir & Others. On 22/11/2005 By Allahabad High Court
CASE NO : SPECIAL APPEAL NO. 1044 OF 1997
CORAM : Hon'ble Syed Rafat Alam,J. And Hon'ble Vikram Nath,J.

HIGH COURT OF JUDICATURE AT ALLAHABAD

Reserved
A.F.R.
Special Appeal No. 1044 Of 1997
Iqramul Haque Vs. Mohd. Sabir And Others
Connected With
Special Appeal No. 1045 Of 1997
Iqramul Haque Vs. D.I.O.S. And Others
.........
Hon. S. Rafat Alam J.
Hon. Vikram Nath J.
(Delivered By Hon. Vikram Nath J.)

These Intra Court Appeals Have Been Preferred Under The Rules Of The Court Against The Judgment Of Learned Single Judge Dated 11.11.1997 Whereby Writ Petition No. 4134 Of 97 Iqramul Haque Vs. District Inspector Of Schools Allahabad And Others Was Dismissed And The Writ Petition No. 16261 Of 97 Mohd. Sabir Vs. The Committee Of Management Majidia Islamia Inter College, Allahabad And Others Was Allowed.
There Is An Institution By The Name Of Majidia Islamia Inter College, Allahabad (in Short Referred To As The Institution) Which Is On The Grant In Aid Of The State Government And Is An Aided Institution. The Service Conditions Of The Teachers Are Governed By The U.P. Intermediate Education Act, 1921 And The Rules And Regulations Framed Thereunder, As Also The U.P. High School And Intermediate Colleges (Payment Of Salary Of The Teachers Act) 1978. Sri Mohd. Khalid Lecturer In Urdu & Persian In The Institution Retired On 30.06.1996 And As Such A Substantive Vacancy Arose In The Lecturer Grade. The Appellant Ikramul Haque, Mohd. Sabir Contesting Respondent In Both The Appeals And Also Fourother Teachers In The L.T. Grade In The Institution Applied For Promotion On The Post Of Lecturer Which Had Fallen Vacant On Account Of Retirement Of Sri Mohd. Khalid. The Committee Of Management Passed A Resolution Dated 18.8.96 Resolving To Promote Ikramul Haque The Appellant As Lecturer Urdu &Persian. Mohd. Sabir Contesting Respondent Filed Writ Petition No. 29261 Of 1996 Challenging The Resolution Of The Committee Of Management To Promote The Appellant On The Post Of Lecturer. The Said Writ Petition Was Disposed Of Vide Order Dated 18.9.96 With The Direction To The DIOS To Look Into The Matter And Pass Appropriate Orders In Accordance With Law After Hearing The Concerned Parties. Pursuant To The Aforesaid Direction Of The Court, The DIOS Passed An Order Dated 4.1.1997 Holding That On The Date Of Vacancy The Appellant Iqramul Haque Did Not Possess The Minimum Qualification And As Such The Resolution Of The Committee Of Management Dated 18.8.96 Could Not Be Accepted. The DIOS However Did Not Pass Any Orders With Regard To The Claim Of Mohd. Sabir The Contesting Respondent.
Two Writ Petitions Were Filed Before This Court. The Appellant Iqramul Haque Filed Writ Petition No. 4134 Of 1997 For A Direction To The Respondent No.1 Therein I.e. The DIOS To Grant Approval To The Resolution Of The Committee Dated 18.8.96 On The Other Hand Mohd. Sabir The Contesting Respondent Filed Writ Petition No. 16261 Of 1997 With The Prayer To Direct The Committee Of Management To Promote Him As Lecturer Of Urdu & Persian And The Papers May Be Forwarded To The DIOS To Grant Approval Of The Same.
Both The Petitions Were Consolidated And Heard Together By The Learned Single Judge.
The Contentions Of Iqramul Haque (appellant In Both The Appeals) Was Mainly Based Upon The Fact That He Had Acquired Master's Degree Before The Date Of Occurrence Of Vacancy I.e. 30.6.96 And Therefore, Possessed The Eligibility Qualification And Should Have Been Considered For Promotion. The Learned Single Judge Examined All The Aspects Of The Matter And Came To The Conclusion That On The Date Of The Occurrence Of The Vacancy Iqramul Haque Did Not Possess The Required Minimum Qualification I.e. Master's Degree In Persian And Therefore, Could Not Be Considered For Promotion To The Post Of Lecturer Urdu & Persian,whereas Mohd.Sabir Possessed The Qualifications And Was Liable To Be Considered For Promotion. Learned Single Judge Accordingly Dismissed The Writ Petition No. 4134 Of 1997 Filed By Iqramul Haque And Allowed The Writ Petition No. 16261 Of 1997 Filed By Mohd. Sabir. Aggrieved By The Said Judgment Iqramul Haque Has Filed The Aforesaid Two Appeals.
We Have Heard Sri S.F.A.Naqvi Learned Counsel For The Appellant And Sri M.S.Haque Learned Counsel For The Respondent Mohd. Sabir And Learned Standing Counsel.
The Contention Raised Before Us By The Counsel For The Appellant Is That The Post In Question Was That Of Lecturer In Urdu Only And Not Lecturer In Urdu & Persian And For The Post Of Lecturer In Urdu, The Educational Qualification Required Was Only Master's Degree In Urdu And Therefore, There Was No Requirement For Acquiring Master's Degree In Subject Of Persian And Therefore, Even If It Is Assumed That The Appellant Did Not Possess The Master's Degree In Persian On The Date Of Occurrence Of The Vacancy, It Could Not Disqualify Or Dis-entitle The Appellant From Being Considered For Promotion To The Post Of Lecturer In Urdu.
On The Other Hand Sri M.S. Haque Learned Counsel For Mohd. Sabir And Learned Standing Counsel Have Refuted The Said Contention On The Ground That Firstly The Post In Question Was Of Lecturer In Urdu & Persian And Not Lecturer In Urdu And Therefore, The Appellant Admittedly Having Not Acquired The Master's Degree In Subject Of Persian On The Date Of Occurrence Of Vacancy Was Rightly Not Considered For Promotion. The Second Objection By The Learned Counsel For The Respondent Is That This Is A New Plea Which Is Being Raised By The Appellant For The First Time In This Appeal And Has Never Being Raised Before In The Previous Round Of Litigation Either At Any Stage Before The DIOS Or Before This Court In The Last Several Years. Such A Plea Therefore, Cannot Be Allowed To Be Raised In This Appeal. It Is Further Submitted By Learned Counsel For The Respondent That Such Plea Is Also Without Any Basis And Is Not Supported By Any Document To Establish That The Post In Question Was That Of Lecturer In Urdu Only, Where As From The Several Documents Available On Record It Is Clearly Established That The Post On Which Sri Mohd. Khalid Was Working Was That Of Lecturer In Urdu & Persian.
We Have Gone Through The Material Placed Before Us In The Paper Book Which Contains Complete Copy Of Both The Writ Petitions, Counter Affidavits And Also Rejoinder Affidavits As Well As Supplementary Affidavits.
A Perusal Of The Writ Petition Filed By The Appellant (WP4134/97) Establishes Beyond Doubt That The Basis Of His Claim Was That He Had Acquired The Master's Degree In The Subject Of Persian On 29.06.1996, A Day Before The Vacancy Arose On The Retirement Of Mr. Mohd. Khalid, Lecturer In Urdu & Persian On 30.06.1996. Through Out The Petition What Has Been Asserted Is That The Post Of Lecturer In Urdu & Persian Has Fallen Vacant And On The Said Post He May Be Promoted As He Had Acquired The Master's Degree In Persian. Along With The Petition Is Annexed A Letter Of The DIOS, Allahabad Dated 18.03.1970 As Annexure-5, Addressed To The Principal Of The Institution Mentioning The List Of The Approved Teachers In The Institution. At Serial No. 1 In The Said Letter Is Mentioned The Name Of Sri Syed Ziaul Hasan, Lecturer In Urdu & Persian. On The Said Post Sri Mohd. Khalid Was Appointed After Retirement Of Sri Syed Ziaul Hasan And Upon Retirement Of Sri Mohd. Khalid, The Said Post Of Lecturer Urdu & Persian Is The Subject Matter Of Issue In These Appeals. Thus It Can Be Easily Noticed That Right From The Beginning The Post Is Of Lecturer Urdu & Persian. Even The Resolution Of The Committee Of Management Dated 18.06.1996 Resolving To Promote The Appellant Categorically Mentions That Out Of Six Candidates Who Had Applied For Promotion To The Post, Four Were Not Possessed Of The Basic Qualification Of Master's Degree In Persian And Had Only Master's Degree In Urdu And Therefore Could Not Be Considered. It Further Mentioned That Only The Remaining Two Candidates That Is The Appellant And The Contesting Respondent Were Possessed Of The Required Qualification As They Had Master's Degree In Persian As Well As In Urdu, And Therefore Only These Two Names Were Taken Up For Consideration. It Would Also Be Relevant To Mention That In The Counter Affidavit Filed By The Assistant DIOS, In WP No. 4134/97 It Has Been Specifically Mentioned That The Post Was Of Lecturer In Urdu & Persian And The Same Stand Was Also Taken In The Order Of The DIOS Dated 04.01.1997 Which Was Impugned By The Appellant In His WP No. 4134 Of 1997. Thus From The Above The Inevitable Conclusion Is That The Post In Question Was Lecturer In Urdu & Persian And Not Lecturer In Urdu Alone.
During The Pendency Of The Petitions The Appellant It Appears Realised That On The Grounds Raised In His Petition Could Not Succeed And Therefore Came Up With A New Case In His IInd Supplementary Affidavit Alleging That The Post Was Of Lecturer In Urdu Only And Therefore The Qualification Of Master's Degree In Persian Was Not Relevant Required At All. In Support Of This Averment The Appellant Filed A List Of The Teaching Staff Of The Institution Along With The IInd Supplementary Affidavit, But Interestingly Enough The Said Document Also Did Not Support The Appellant As It Mentioned At Sl.No.2 The Name Of Sri Syed Abid Ali As Lecturer In Urdu & Persian. No Other Document Has Been Filed By The Appellant To Support His Contention. Thus The Contention Of The Appellant That The Post In Question Was Of Lecturer In Urdu Also Fails In The Absence Of Any Documentary Proof, Rather On The Basis Of The Material On Record Referred To Above It Is Established Otherwise That The Post Is Of Lecturer In Urdu & Persian.
Now Coming To The Question As To Whether Or Not The Appellant Possessed The Qualification For Being Promoted As Lecturer In Urdu & Persian. There Is No Dispute That The Qualification Required For The Post Of Lecturer In Urdu & Persian Is Master's Degree In Urdu As Well As Persian. The Appellant Obtained Master's Degree In Urdu In The Year 1977, And Claims To Have Obtained Master's Degree In Persian On 29.06.1996 Where As According To The Respondents The Results Of Final Year Of M.A.(Persian) Of Allahabad University For The Year 1995-96 Was Declared On 18.07.1996 And Therefore, The Appellant At The Time When The Vacancy Arose On 30.07.1996 Did Not Possess The Qualification. There Is Yet Another Objection To The Master's Degree In Persian Acquired By The Appellant That He Was An Institutional Day Scholar Of The University Without Having Obtained Study Leave From The Committee Of Management And Approved By The DIOS, Therefore Could Not Have Fulfilled The Minimum Attendance Required And His Degree Would Amount To An Irregular Degree Not Liable To Be Recognised Rather Liable To Be Cancelled. Even The ADIOS In His Counter Affidavit In WP 4134/97 Had Mentioned That The Salary For The Two Years Study Period Should Be Recovered From The Appellant As He Could Not Have Pursued Both The Teaching And Studying Assignments Simultaneously.
Learned Single Judge Has Dealt With In Detail All These Aspects And Has Recorded Categorical Finding That The Results Of Final Year M.A.(Persian) Of The Allahabad University For The Year 1995-96 Were Declared On 18.07.1996 And Therefore The Appellant Did Not Possess The Required Qualification On The Date Of Occurrence Of Vacancy On 30.6.1996. Learned Counsel For The Appellant Has Also Not Confronted Us With The Finding Recorded By The Learned Single Judge. We Therefore, Do Not Find Any Fault In The Judgment Of The Learned Single Judge With Regard To Qualification Of The Appellant.
In So Far As Contesting Respondent Is Concerned Categorical Findings Have Been Recorded By The DIOS As Well As The Learned Single Judge That He Had Obtained Master's Degree In Urdu In 1982 And That In Persian In 1989 And Was Fully Eligible On The Date Of Occurrence Of Vacancy To Be Considered For Promotion As Lecturer In Urdu & Persian. In The Circumstances The Direction Issued By The Learned Single Judge In Favour Of The Respondent Mohd. Sabir Is Justified And Does Not Suffer From Any Infirmity.
Thus For All The Reasons Recorded Above, Both The Special Appeals Fails And Are Accordingly Dismissed With Costs.

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